About the Project



  • To characterise the optical properties of coastal waters of the Baltic Sea;
  • To test the performance of current and new processors in retrieving correct water reflectance spectra and water quality products;
  • To develop new remote sensing algorithms if the processors do not provide reliable results;
  • To estimate the theoretical accuracies of the remote sensing products that can be achieved in the case of different concentration ranges of optically active substances.



As there will be no satellite data available during 2015, the remote sensing data will be collected using IES’s Airborne Environmental Surveillance and Monitoring System ARSENAL

ARSENAL combines nine, mutually integrated spectral imaging sensors and operates in a spectral range from 280 nm to 12 000 nm. It is embedded in a twin engine Britten Norman Defender aircraft BN-2T-4S. The observation will be fulfilled by hyperspectral airborne imaging sensors (operating in a spectral range of 380-1050 nm) and a high resolution RGB camera. The spectral band of hyperspectral sensors will be applied to simulate the Sentinel-3 bands and the maximum swath and required spatial resolution both for hyperspectral and RGB sensors will be reached by careful data collection planning. For verification of airborne remote sensing data, the in-situ sampling and laboratory analysis will be carried out.

As a result of the project, IES will develop an algorithm for the characterisation of optical properties and water quality factors of coastal waters of the Baltic Sea.